Heroica Ciudad de Juchitán de Zaragoza, Oaxaca
The Zapotec languages, which include the languages known as Papabuco and Solteco, belong to the Zapotec group of the Oto-Mangue linguistic family.
The name Zapoteco used historically by the Mexican population, designates an indigenous group and also a set of closely related indigenous languages. This name is the Spanish form of Zapotec, which in Nahuatl means people of zapote. The Zapotec languages have different names to call themselves, a difference that obeys different aspects, such as the languages themselves, the territorial sub-areas or even the communities; for example diidxa zá, distsë, dill xil language of the clouds or word of the clouds. This group is also named among other forms bíny dìsàa, bène xhon or be'ene zaa, expressions that mean people who speak the language of the clouds.
The area historically occupied by the Zapotecs is located in the center and east of Oaxaca, and a portion of Veracruz. The Zapotec languages are spoken in Oaxaca (220 municipalities) and in the southwest of Veracruz (three municipalities). In this area, the National Institute of Statistics, Geography and Informatics (INEGI), through the XII General Census of Population and Housing 2000, identified 2 011 localities, in each of which 5% or more of the population speaks some of the Zapotec languages; These letters represent 1 186 localities, where 10 or more people speak one of these languages. The Zapotec languages border to the west of the area with some of the Mixtec languages; to the east with some of the Mixes and Zoques languages; to the south with the huave; and to the northwest with the chocho and the ixcateco and with some of the Chinantec and Cuicatec languages.