HISTORY OF MEXICO

Ernest Vigneaux was only 20 years old when he set sail from Pauillac, on the Gironde, for the New World. What drove this well-educated, well-to-do young man to adventure and away from Bordeaux, his hometown? Here are the details of Ernest Vigneaux's Mexican adventure in 1853 and 1854 and how he constructed his memories.

Whether as an officer in the British colonial forces in Africa, as a member of military intelligence linked to the British and American counterinsurgency services in Asia, or as a soldier of fortune -who alternatively played the role of revolutionary or counterrevolutionary- Ivor Thord-Gray fought under several flags. He was also an anthropologist...

Diseases have existed throughout the history of mankind, and the deeper the human species goes into the treatment of them, the more strange new ailments emerge, and in many cases, difficult to diagnose. Some researchers point out that it is due to human longevity, but others blame the transgression of nature. Hence Aldous Huxley's remark that "so...

Mythical accounts throughout the Mesoamerican tradition tell us that in a distant time-space ─in the time-space prior to the existence of the world─ the gods existed in a muddy and watery, mutable medium, barely illuminated by a dim light where they moved in human or animal forms similar to those that worldly beings would later have.

Bacalar registers its foundation in 1544, in a region dominated by swamps, jungles, and mangroves, an action that responded in good measure to the location of what is currently known as the Bacalar Lagoon or Lagoon of the Seven Colors. By 1696, the town was abandoned due to the difficult living conditions suffered by its inhabitants, in addition to...

For the different governments of the 19th century, the transportation revolution brought about by the arrival of the railroad meant a symbol of economic progress and modernity. In fact, practically all over the world, the class in power tried to promote its construction, some with more fortune than others, and for this purpose, they set themselves...